Physical exercise workout is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall healthand wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and merely enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts theimmune system and helps prevent “diseases of affluence” such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. It may also help prevent stress and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual’s sex appeal or body image, which has been found to be linked with higher levels of self-esteem. Childhood obesity is a growing global concern, and physical exercise may help decrease some of the effects of childhood and adult obesity. Some care providers call exercise the “miracle” or “wonder” drug—alluding to the wide variety of benefits that it can provide for many individuals.
In the United Kingdom two to four hours of light activity are recommended during working hours.This includes walking and standing. In the United States, the CDC/ACSM consensus statement and the Surgeon General’s report states that every adult should participate in moderate exercise, such as walking, swimming, and household tasks, for a minimum of 30 minutes daily